Amylase is a protein formed by the pancreas as well as glands located in and around the mouth and throat.
Amylases are classified into three categories, alpha, beta, and gamma, based on how they strike the starch molecule bonds.
- The enzyme alpha-amylase breaks down large, complex, insoluble starch molecules into smaller, soluble molecules.
- The other mash enzyme that can degrade starch is beta-amylase. It is mostly responsible for the processing of large quantities of fermentable sugar.
- Gamma Amylase produces glucose by cleaving the last alpha-1,4-glycosidic linkages at the nonreducing end of amylase and amylopectin.
There is always a sufficient amount of amylase in your blood. However, too much of it can cause a variety of symptoms, including:
- Stomach pain
- Loss of appetite
It is important to talk with your doctor if you encounter any of the above symptoms. To determine whether you have a pancreatic condition, he can order an amylase test in addition to other laboratory tests.
A blockage in the duct that carries digestive enzymes into the small intestine is tested, as well as the salivary glands.
It’s important to get this checked because it could lead to pancreatic cancer, gallstones, and other complications.
If the amylase levels are poor, it’s possible that the pancreas isn’t producing enough of this protein as a result of chronic pancreatitis or liver failure.
High levels, on the other hand, can suggest poor kidney function, pancreas or other types of cancers, swollen salivary glands, and other issues.« Back to Glossary Index