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What is anencephaly?

Anencephaly is a severe birth defect in which a baby is born with missing brain and skull pieces. It’s a particular kind of neural tube defect (NTD) where the baby’s head is missing parts. This is especially common on the sides or front of the skull.

As a result, the brain of the infant, especially the cerebellum, develops slowly. The cerebellum is the part of the brain that controls thought, movement, and sensations such as touch, vision, and hearing.

A baby without a healthy cerebellum may not survive. This condition is incurable and causes are still being investigated.

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