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What is Myosin?

Myosin is a fibrous protein that forms the contractible filaments of muscle cells and is also involved in motion in other types of cells.

Myosin is a protein superfamily that is the primary component of thick muscle filaments, with each thick filament containing about 250 molecules of myosin.

Skeletal muscle contractions are responsible for a wide variety of movements, and these contractions are made possible by contractile proteins located within skeletal muscle cells. Myofibrils are structures that include contractile proteins as well as regulatory proteins. Myofibrils are further divided into sarcomeres that serve as contractile units.

Actin and myosin are two of the most important contractile proteins found in skeletal muscles.

Myofibrils are made up of thick filaments of myosin. It plays a central role in the sliding filament model of skeletal muscle contraction. Smooth and heart muscle contractions are also regulated by this protein. Myosin is also present in non-muscle cells, where it helps cells adhere to each other and migrate.

The structure of myosin

Head domain:

It’s a globular domain made up of two light chains and one end of a heavy chain. One molecule of myosin comprises two of these domains. This domain binds to actin filaments during muscle contraction and triggers the power stroke. It also contains an ATPase enzyme that hydrolyzes ATP at the start of a muscle contraction.

Neck domain:

This domain connects the heads and tails of the myosin molecule. It’s where myosin heads are shaped when the heavy chains break and bend. This domain functions as a lever, transferring force from the myosin heads to the rest of the molecule. It also serves as a binding site for myosin light chains, which are found in the heads of myosin.

Tail domain:

It is made up of the strong chains’ double helix. Its role is to bind myosin molecules together in a filament. The tail domain of non-muscle cells is in charge of interacting with cargo molecules for intracellular transport. It’s also active in monitoring the cell’s motor function.

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