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What is prothrombin?

Prothrombin is a protein present in blood plasma that is an essential component of the blood-clotting mechanism. During an injury or an incident where there is bleeding involved, prothrombin is transformed into a thrombin. Thrombin then acts to transform fibrinogen into fibrin which can then form a blood clot with the help of platelets found in the blood. This process is called coagulation, and it’s intended to stop the bleeding. 

Whenever there is a deficiency of prothrombin, a person may suffer from prolonged bleeding. This condition is also known as hypoprothrombinemia. This condition is also associated with vitamin K deficiency which is essential for synthesising prothrombin in the liver.

Symptoms of bleeding disorders:

  • easy bruising
  • prolonged bleeding
  • heavy menstrual periods
  • blood in the urine
  • swollen or painful joints
  • regular nosebleeds

Foods that promote healthy blood clotting are foods high in vitamin K. This includes foods like:

  • kale
  • spinach
  • parsley
  • brussels sprouts
  • broccoli
  • cabbage
  • fish
  • eggs
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