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Pyruvic Acid

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What is pyruvic acid and what does it do?

Pyruvic acid, also known as pyruvate, is an organic, colourless liquid molecule that is produced when carbs and sugars are broken down during glycolysis. When it’s produced, it is then transported to the mitochondria to participate in the citric acid cycle.

It is a central substance at the crossroads of carbohydrate, fat, and protein catabolism (breaking down) and anabolism (synthesis).

Pyruvate may be fermented to produce lactate in the absence of oxygen or when oxygen demand exceeds supply. Glucose can be regenerated using both pyruvate and lactate.

Pyruvate plays a role in the anabolic synthesis of fatty acids and amino acids as well.

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